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船用柴油機常用專業英語表

時間:2017/12/22 10:15:54 點擊:

  內容提示:本文總結了柴油機部件及操作中常用詞匯,歡迎收藏...

本文總結了柴油機部件及操作中常用詞匯,歡迎收藏

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二沖程船用柴油機     two stroke marine dieselengine

四沖程船用柴油機     four stroke marine dieselengine

高(中,低)速柴油機 high(medium,lower)speed engine

氣缸                 cylinder

氣缸蓋               cylindercover(cylinder head)

蘇爾壽發動機         Sulzer engine

B&W型發動機          Burmeister and Wain engine

哥塔維根型發動機     Gotaverken engine

曼恩型發動機         M.A.N.engine

V型發動機            V-type engine

直流掃氣式發動機     uniflow scavenging typeengine

回流掃氣式發動機     loop flow scavenging typeengine

橫流掃氣式發動機     crow-flow scavenging typeengine

十字頭式發動機       crosshead engine

筒形活塞式發動機     trunk-ppiston engine

渦輪增壓式發動機     turbocharge engine

固定部件             fixed parts

耐磨部件             wear parts

運動部件             moving parts

互換部件             interchangeableparts

氣缸套               cylinder liner

示功閥               indicatorcock(indicator valve)

安全閥               safety valve

氣缸啟動閥           cylinder airstarting valve

缸套頂圈             head ring forcylinder liner

排氣閥               exhaust valve

進氣閥               air inletvalve(suction valve)

氣閥傳動機構         valve drivingmechanism

頂桿                 tapper rod

推桿                 push rod

搖臂                 rocker rod(rocking lever)

活塞                 pistion

十字頭式活塞         crosshead typepistion

筒形活塞             trunk pistion

活塞頭               pistioncrown(head)

活塞裙               pistion skirt

活塞體               pistion body

活塞銷               pistion pin(gudgeon pin)

活塞環               pistion ring

氣環(壓縮環)       compression ring

刮油環               oil scraperring(oil ring,scraper  ring)

布油環               oildistributing ring

耐磨環               wear ring

活塞環槽             pistion ring groove

活塞冷卻水管         pistion cooling pipe

往復管               reciprocatingpipe

伸縮管               telescope pipe

鉸鏈管               articulatedpipe

活塞桿               pistion rod

活塞桿凸緣           pistion rod flange

活塞桿填料函         stuffing box forpistion rod

活塞桿填料箱         gland box for pistionrod.packing gland for pistion rod

填料函殼體           stuffing box casing

填料函張力彈簧       tension spring forstuffing box

填料函密封環         sealing ring forstuffing box

填料函刮油環         scraper ring forstuffing box

填料函壓環           pressure ring for stuffing box

填料函壓蓋           stuffing box gland

十字頭               cross head

十字頭銷             cross head pin

十字頭銷軸承         cross headbearing(cross head pin bearing)

十字頭滑塊           cross headshoe(guide shoe)

十字頭導板           cross headguide(guide rail,guide way,guide plate)

連桿                 connectingrod

連桿小端軸承         connecting rod smallend bearing

連桿大端軸承         connecting rod largeend bearing;connecting rod bottom end bearing

曲柄銷軸承           crankpin bearing

曲軸                 crank shaft

曲軸臂               crank arm             

曲軸銷               crank pin

曲軸箱               crankcase

曲軸箱道門           crankcasedoor(crankcase manhole)

曲軸箱防爆門         crankcase explosiondoor

主軸承               main bearing(bed plate bearing)

倒掛式主軸承         main bearing of underslung type

軸承軸瓦上半塊       bearing bush-upper half

軸承襯下半塊         bearing shell-lowerhalf

主軸承撐桿螺栓       main bearing stay bolt

主軸頸               crank shaftjournal(main journal)

機座                 bed plate

底座橫隔板           bed platetransverse member

機架                frame(column,entablature)

底角螺栓             holding down bolt(anchor bolt)

貫穿螺栓             through bolt (tierod,tie bolt)

貫穿螺栓護蓋         protecting coveringfor tie rod

貫穿螺栓導套         guide bush for tierod  

推力軸               thrust shaft

推力軸承             thrust bearing

推力塊               thrust pad

盤車機               turning gear

廢氣渦輪增壓器       exhaust gas turbocharge(turbo-blower)

增壓系統             super chargingsystem

機械增壓             mechanicalsupercharging

單(復)式增壓系統   single(complex)type supercharging system

二級增壓             two-stagesupercharging

定壓增壓系統         constant pressurecharging system

脈沖增壓系統         impulse pressurecharging system

變壓增壓             variable pressurecharging system

串聯增壓             super charging inseries syatem

并聯增壓             super charging inparallel system

直流掃氣             unislowscavenging

回流掃氣             loop scavenging

橫流掃氣             cross scavenging

氣口掃氣             port scavenging

氣口-氣閥掃氣        port-valve scavenging

掃氣口               scavenging port

排氣口               exhaust port

排氣總管             exhaust manifold

排氣管               exhaust pipe

上止點               top deadcenter(TDC)

下止點               bottom deadcenter(BDC)

燃燒室               combustionchamber

吸氣行程             inlet(suction)atroke

壓縮行程             compressionstroke

做功行程             power (working)stroke

排氣行程             exhaust stroke

定時圖               timing diagram

指示功               indicated power

軸功                 shaft power

示功圖               indicator power

控制系統             control system

啟動控制裝置         control devic forstarting

起動裝置             starting devic

主起動閥             main startingvalve

空氣壓縮機           air compressor

空氣瓶               air bottle(aircontainer,air cylinder,air reservoir)

起動手柄             startinglever(starting handle)

起動空氣控制閥       starting air controlvalve

起動空氣導閥         starting air pilotvalve

起動閥               starting valve

分級活塞             stepped pistion

起動閥連鎖裝置       starting valve blockingdevice

起動凸輪             starting cam

起動空氣管           starting air pipe

單凸輪換向裝置       single cam reversingdevice

雙凸輪換向裝置       double cam reversingdevice

正車凸輪             ahead cam

正車油缸             ahead oilcylinder (ahead oil bottle)

自動停車裝置         automatic cut-outdevice

空氣分配器凸輪       air distributor cam

轉向指示器           running directionindicator

換向桿               reversing lever

換向控制桿           reversing controllever

排氣凸輪             exhaust cam

噴油凸輪             fuel cam

主起動閥手輪         hand wheel forstarting valve

飛輪                flywheel;turning wheel

調速器               goernor

調速裝置             control devicefor running the engine

極限調速裝置         maximum-speed governorgear

定速調速裝置         constant-speedgovernor gear

全制式調速裝置       variable-speed governorgear

機械調速器           mechanical governor

液壓調速器           hydraulic governor

車鐘                 telegraph

凸輪傳動機構         camshaft transmissiongear

鏈條傳動             chaintransmission(chain drive)

齒輪傳動             gear tansmission

鏈輪                 sprocket(sprocket wheel)

惰輪                 idle wheel

備車                 stand byengine

完車                 finish engine

停車                 stop engine

微速前進(后退)     dead slow ahead (astern)

前進(后退)一       slow ahead (astern)

前進(后退)二       half ahead (astern)

前進(后退)三       full ahead (astern)

緊急前進(后退)三   emergency fullahead(astern)

起動                 start

倒車                 reverse

空氣分配器           air distributor

氣缸注油器           cylinder lubricator


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